'Atholl1'Index links to: Lead / Letter
Families covered: House of Atholl (or Dunkeld) of Scotland, Earls of Huntingdon, Earls of Orkney

Duncan, Lay Abbot of Dunkeld (d 965)
1. Duncan, Lay Abbot of Dunkeld
  A. Crinan, Thane, Lay Abbot of Dunkeld (b c975, d 1045)
  m. (c1000) Bethoc (b 984, d 1045, dau of Malcolm II, King of Scots)
  i. Duncan I, King of Scots (d 14.10.1040)
  m. Sybil (dau of Siward, Earl of Northumberland) possibly sister or cousin of Earl Siward
  a. Malcolm III 'Canmore', King of Scots (b c1031, d Alnwick 13.11.1093)
  m1. (c1059) Ingibiorg (d before 1070, dau of Finn Arnasson, Jarl of Halland)
(1) Duncan II, King of Scots (b 1060, d 12.11.1094)
  Duncan spent most of his adult life as a hostage in England. With English (ie. Norman) help in 1094 he managed to sieze the throne from his uncle, Donald Bane, but was killed within months. His infant son did not even come into the reckoning as his successor. For a few years Duncan's half-brother Edmund shared the rule (divided the country) with Donald Bane before Edgar was raised to the throne supported by the English and, amongst others, Duncan's son William.
  m. (c1090) Ethelreda of Northumberland (dau of Gospatrick, Earl of Northumberland, 1st Earl of Dunbar)
  (A) William FitzDuncan of Skipton, 'Earl of Moray' (d 1154)
  m. Alice le Meschin (dau of William le Meschin of Copeland)
  (i) Cicely FitzDuncan, 'Lady of Skipton'
  m. Guillaume 'le Gros', Count of Aumale, Lord of Holderness (d 20.08.1179)
  (ii) Amabilis FitzDuncan
  m. Reginald de Lucie, Governor of Nottingham (a temp Henry II 1154-1189)
(iii) Alix or Alice FitzDuncan (d 1215)
  m1. Gilbert Pipard
  m2. Robert de Courtenay
  (iv) William FitzDuncan of Egremont (d young)
  (v) William MacWilliam FitzDuncan of Egremont (d after 1155)
  m1. Gruaidh of Moray (dau of Heth, Earl of Moray)
  (a) Donald MacWilliam (d 31.07.1187)
  ((1)) daughter
  m. _ MacEwan
  ((2))+ other issue - Godfrey (d 1213), Donald (d 15.06.1215), Gillescop
(b) Gospatrick MacWilliam of Airton (d before 1208)
  m2. Ochtreda (dau of Alan of Allerdale)
  partner unknown
  (vi) Donald FitzDuncan
  (2)+ other issue - Malcolm (a 1094), Donald (d 1085)
  m2. (1068/9) Margaret Atheling 'the Saint' (d 16.11.1093, dau of Edward Atheling)
  (4) Edmund, King of Scots (d c1100, joint ruler of Scotland 1094-1097)
  (5) Edward, Prince of Cumbria (d 16.11.1093)
  (6) Ethelred, Earl of Fife, Abbot of Dunkeld
  (7) Edgar, King of Scots (b c1074, d unm 08.01.1107, ruler 1097-1107)
  (8) Alexander I, King of Scots (b c1077, d 23.04.1124)
  m. Sybilla (d 12.07.1122, dau of King Henry I of England)
  partner unknown
(A) Malcolm
  (9) David I, King of Scots (b c1080, d 24.05.1152-3)
  m. (c1114) Matilda of Huntingdon (dau of Waltheof, Earl of Huntingdon)
  (A) Henry, Earl of Huntingdon (dvp 12.06.1152, 2nd son)
  m. (1139) Ada / Adeline de Warrenne (d 1178, dau of William de Warrenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey)
  (i) Malcolm IV 'the Maiden', King of Scots (b 20.03.1141-2, d unm 09.12.1165)
(ii) William 'the Lion', King of Scots (b c1143, d 04.12.1214)
  m. (05.09.1186) Ermengarde de Bellomont (d 11.02.1233-4, dau of Richard, Viscount de Bellomont)
  (a) Alexander II, King of Scots (b 24.08.1198, 08.07.1249)
  m1. (19.06.1221) Joan Plantagenet (dsp 04.03.1237-8, dau of King John of England)
  m2. (12/5.05.1239) Maria de Coucy (dau of Enguerand III, Baron de Coucy)
  ((1)) Alexander III, King of Scots (b 04.09.1241, 19.03.1286)
  m1. (26.12.1251) Margaret of England (d 26.02.1275, dau of King Henry III of England)
  ((A)) Alexander of Scotland (b 21.01.1263-4, dsp 28.01.1283-4)
  m. (15.11.1282) Margaret of Flanders (dau of Guy, Count of Flanders)
  ((B)) David of Scotland (b 20.03.1272-3, d unm 06.1281)
  ((C)) Margaret of Scotland (b 28.02.1260-1, d 09.04.1283)
  m. (31.08.1281) Eirik II Magnusson, King of Norway (b 1268, d 15.07.1299)
((i)) Margaret, Queen of Scots, the Maid of Norway (b before 09.04.1283, d unm 26.09.1290)
  m2. (14.10.1285) Yolande de Dreux (dau of Robert IV, Count de Dreux)
  partner unknown
  ((2)) Marjory --
  m. Alan Durward --
(b) Margaret of Scotland (dsps 1295 ??)
  m. (1221) Hubert de Bourgh, Earl of Kent (d 04.03.1243)
  (c) Isabella of Scotland
  m. Roger Bigod, 4th Earl of Norfolk (b 1212/3, dsp 03/04.07.1270)
  (d) Marjory of Scotland (dsp 17.11.1244)
  m. (01.08.1235) Gilbert, Earl of Pembroke
  p. ?? Matilda Ferrers
  (e) Robert, later Lundin of Lundie (d before 1235 ?) --
  m. daughter of Thomas de Lundin --
  partner unknown
  (f) Henry Galightly
  ((1)) Patrick Galightly (a 1291)
  p. (Isabella?) Avenel (dau of Roger or Robert Avenel)
(g) Isabella --
  m1. (1183) Robert de Brus, younger of Allandale (dvpsp by 1191)
  m2. (1191) Robert de Ros of Hamlake, 'Farfan', Sheriff of Cumberland (d 1227) --
  partner unknown
  (h) Ada JY
  m. (1184) Patrick, 5th Earl of Dunbar, Earl of Lothian (b 1152, d 31.12.1232) JY
  p. _ de Hythus (dau of Adam de Hythus)
  (i) Margaret
  m. (1193) Eustace de Vesci of Alnwick (b c1170, d 08.1216)
  partner unknown
(j) Aufrica
  m. William de Say (dvp before 01.08.1177)
  (iii) David 'Etherington', Earl of Huntingdon (b c1144, 17.06.1219)
  m. (26.08.1190) Maud de Meschines (dau of Hugh 'Keveliok' de Meschines, 3rd Earl of Chester)
  (a) John le Scot, Earl of Chester and Huntingdon (dsp 05.06.1237, 3rd son)
  m. (1222) Helen of Wales (d 1253, dau of Llewelyn the Great, Prince of North Wales)
  (b) Margaret of Huntingdon GS
  m. (1209) Alan, Lord of Galloway (d 1234) GS
  (c) Isobel of Huntingdon JR
  m. Sir Robert de Bruce, 4th Lord of Annandale (d 1245) JR
  (d) Ada of Huntingdon
  m. Henry de Hastings of Ashill (d 1250)
  (e)+ other issue - Robert (d infant), Robert (d infant), Matilda (d young)
  partner(s) unknown
  (h) Henry of Stirling (dsp)
(i) Henry of Brechin
  m. Juliana
  ((1)) Sir William de Brechin (d by 1292)
  m. Eleanor Comyn (dau of Alexander Comyn)
  ((A)) David, lord of Brechin (d 1320)
  m1. Margaret de Bonkyl (d 1304, dau of Sir Alexander de Bonkyl)
  ((i)) David, lord of Brechin (dsp 1320)§D
  ((ii)) Margaret de Brechin --
  m. (26.03.1315) Sir David Barclay of Brechin (d 1350/1) --
m2. _ Bruce (sister of King Robert I)
  (j) Ada
  m. Malise de Strathearn of Muthil, etc (d before 1214)
  (iv) Ada of Scotland GHJSWY
  m. (28.08.1161/2) Floris III, Count of Holland (b c1141, d 01.08.1190) GHJSWY
  (v) Margaret of Scotland GHSY
  m1. (1160) Conon IV, Duke of Brittany, Earl of Richmond (b c1138, d 20.02.1171) GHSY
  m2. Humphrey de Bohun, 'Earl of Hereford', Constable of England
(vi) Matilda of Scotland (d 1152)
  (vii) Marjory of Scotland possibly fits here
  m. Gilchrist, Earl of Angus (d 1207-1211)
  Possibly an illegitimate daughter of Earl Henry was ...
  (viii) Margaret (or Marjory)
  m. Sir David de Lindsay of Crawford, Justiciar (d 1214)
  (B)+ other issue - Malcolm (d young), Claricia (d unm), Hodierna (d unm)
  (10) Matilda (d young)
  (11) Matilda of Scotland (b 1079, d 01.05.1118) EGHJSWY
  m. (1100) Henry I 'Beauclerc', King of England (b 1068, d 01.12.1135) EGHJSWY
  (12) Mary of Scotland (d 31.05.1116) GHJWY
  m. (1102) Eustache III, Count of Boulogne and Lens (d after 1125) GHJWY
  b. Donald III Bane, King of Scots (d c1100) ruled 1093-1097 except for spell in 1094
  (1) Bethoc
  m. Uchtred of Tynedale (son of Waldef)
  (A) Hextilda J
  m1. (c1145) Richard de Comyn, Justiciar (d c1179) J
  m2. Malcolm, 2nd Earl of Atholl (a 1178, d before 08.1198) see @@@ below
  c. Melmar (Mailmuir)
  (1) Madach, 1st Earl of Atholl (d c1147)
  m1. ??
  (A) Malcolm of Atholl (dvp)
  (i) Malcolm, 2nd Earl of Atholl (d before 08.1198)
  m1. ??
(a) Simon of Atholl
  (a) Henry, 3rd Earl of Atholl (d before 1211)
  m. Margaret
  ((1)) Isabella, Countess of Atholl (d 1236)
  m1. Thomas of Galloway, Earl of Atholl (d before 08.1232)
  ((A)) Patrick, Earl of Atholl (dsp by 1242)
  m2. Alan of Lundin, Durward, Earl of Atholl (d 1275)
  ((B)) Lora, 'Countess of Atholl' (d 1269)
  ((2)) Fernelith, Countess of Atholl
  m. (by 1243) Sir David of Hastings, Earl of Atholl (d 1269)
  ((A)) Ada, Countess of Atholl --
  m. John of Strathbogie, Earl of Atholl --
partner unknown
  ((3)) Conan of Glenerochie (a 1220)
  ((A)) Ewen, 2nd of Glenerochie
  m. Mary (dau of Convalt, son of Duncan of Tullibardine)
  ((i)) Angus, 3rd of Glenerochie
  ((a)) Andrew de Atholl, 4th of Glenerochie
(((1))) Duncan de Atholl, 5th of Glenerochie (a 1346) --
  m. dau of Malcolm, 5th Earl of Lennox --
  (c) Christina/Margaret of Atholl --
  m. Thomas of Lundin, Durward (d 1231) --
  (d)+ other issue - Duncan, Malcolm, Bedoch
  m2. Hextilda (dau of Uchtred of Tynedale) see @@@ above
  m2. Margaret, Countess of Orkney (dau of Hakon Paulson, Earl of Orkney)
  (B) Harald Maddadson, Earl of Orkney & Caithness (b 1134, d 1206)
  Some sources show his son Heinrick, Earl of Ross, as by his first marriage but this is thought unlikely given that the connection to Ross came through his second marriage.
  m1. (div) Afreka of Fife (dau of Duncan, 4th Earl of Fife)
  (i)+ issue - Hakon (d 1170), Helen, Margaret
  m2. Gornflaeth of Ross (dau of Malcolm, Earl of Ross)
  (iv) Heinrek Haraldsson, Earl of Ross (d 06.1215, 3rd son)
  (v) David Haraldsson, Earl of Orkney & Caithness (d 1214)
(vi) John I Haraldsson, Earl of Orkney & Caithness (d 1231)
  (a) Harold Johnsson (d 1226)
  (b) Joan Johnsdottir
  m. Freskin of Moray, Lord of Duffus
  (vii) Marjory Haraldsdottir possibly the same person as one of those shown as her sisters JRY
  m. Gilchrist, 4th Earl of Angus (d 1207-1211) JRY
  (viii)+ other issue - Thorfinn (d 1202), Gunnhild, Herborga, Langlif, Roderick (d 1196)
  d. Beatrix of Scotland --
  m. Bartolf / Bartholomew (d c1121) --
  ii. Maldred of Atterdale, 'King of Cumbria' (d 1045)
  m. Edith/Aeldgyt (dau of Uchtred, 5th lord of Bamburgh, Earl of Bernicia, Earl of Northumbria)
a. Dolfin (a 1092) mentioned in TCP (Dunbar)
  b. Waltheof (a c1126) mentioned in TCP (Dunbar)
  m. Sigrid
  (1) Alan (a 08.1139, dspms)
  (2) Gospatric (a c1156, possibly illegitimate)
  (A) Waltheof (dspm before 1200)
  c. Gospatrick (Cospatrick), Earl of Northumberland, 1st Earl of Dunbar (b c1040, d 1073) GHJRSY
  d. Maldred of Winlaton (a 1084)
  (1) Uchtred FitzMaldred (a 1116)
It is difficult to distinguish between the various Maldreds, Uchtreds and Cospatricks who were powerful in the north of England around this period, some of whom were related to each other by blood and others by marriage. Initially we showed Dolfin, lord of Raby, as son of Uchtred FitzGospatric on Swinton01. That is shown by (for example) Commoners (vol 2, Nevile of Thorney). We now follow what appears to be the general consensus which is that he fits here.
  (A) Dolfin, lord of Raby (a 1131)
  (i) Maldred, lord of Raby (d c1195)
  (a) Robert FitzMaldred Y
  m. Isabel de Nevill (dau of Geoffrey de Nevill) Y
  (ii) Sir Patric FitzDolfin of Offerton
  iii. daughter
  m. Moddan of Dalr, Earl of Caithness (d Thurso 1040)
  a. Helga Moddandottir JRY
  m. Hakon Paulson, Earl of Orkney JRY
  b. Ottar, Earl
  c. Frakok Moddansdottir
  m. Liot the Worthless

Main source(s):
(1) TSP (Kings of Scotland), BP1934 (Kings of Scotland), TSP (Atholl)
(2) "The Royal Line of Succession" by Pitkin Guides Ltd (1996 reprint, ISBN 0-85372-404-0)
(3) For Glenerochie: BLG1952 (Robertson of Struan)
(4) For FitzDuncan/MacWilliam: 'RoyalData', GenEU
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